Brasted History

 

In Holmesdale Valley (with Sundridge and Chevening known as the "archbishop's Garden". long connected with See of Canterbury, with living in its gift).

Formerly Briestede in Domesday Book 1986; Bradesteda in Textus Roffenois 1115, perhaps meaning "Broad Settlement" the Parish was 8 miles by 1 mile (now 5 by 1) to include six different types of soil.

The North Downs run through North of parish, highest point 772 feet.

The Sandstone Ridge is parallel, further to the South, Toys Hill 801 feet, between these flows the River Darent, rising in Westerham to dartford, then with the River Cray it joins the Thames opposite Purfleet.

The Pilgrims Way from Winchester to Canterbury runs between the North Downs and M25 Motorway.

Bloodins Field to the East Hogtrough Hill (opposite the Limeworks) was the scene of a battle in about AD900 when some say the Saxons defeated the Danes.

Brasted Cross a very ancient stone is now on the bridge which crosses the Parish boundary in the private park of Brasted Place.

The Holy Well is just in Westerham Parish near Pilgrims Way.

The Stocks and Prisoners Cage were formerly on the Village Green where an annual fair was held on Holy Thursday. Brasted was once divided into VILLE (Town) and UPLAND (Chart or Forest).

The Manor of Brasted has been held by:-
773 - 1066 Priory of Christchurch, Canterbury - Landfranc, Norman Archbishop of Canterbury
Haimo de Crevequer, Under Archbishop of Canterbury - De Clare, earls of Gloucester, 400 years
Hugh de Audley, Earl of Gloucester - Earl of Stafford, KG. Crown Henry VIII - Sir H.Isley
Crown Queen Elizabeth - S. Lennard, Lord Dacre and Family, until, 1715
Major General J. Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope and Family until Festival Year 1951, then held by the 7th Earl Stanhope KG., PC., DSO,. MC. until his death in August 1967.

Brasted Place (formerly Stockets, later Crow Place: an Adam House, but with large additions about 1860)

Some Owners of Brasted Place :-
Walter de Stocket; Richard Boare; Thomes Crowe; Robert Heath, Chief Justice; George Verney, Lord Willoughby; Dr Turton (Physician to George III), William Tipping; Leslie Urquhart; Prince Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III)
launched his futile invasion of France in 1840 when living here.

ST. Martins Church on site of old Saxon Church, rebuilt in 1866 except early English tower (about 1250), Stocket Chapel (North Transept) belonged always to owners of Brasted Place until it became a War Memorial Chapel after the first World War. The Church suffered considerable damage from a "flying" bomb in 1944, which fell 60 yards from the East End, destroying nearly all the windows, as well as the organ and roof. The Church, with the exception of the tower, was seriously damaged by fire on the 4th November 1989. It has subsequently been rebuilt with only slight modifications to the exterior and the interior layout.

During The 1939 - 1945 War 214 High explosive Bombs, 12 "flying" Bombs (V-1) and uncounted Incendiaries fell on Brasted, which was in the direct line between London and France and the Battle of Britain, two Allied Airmen lost their lives over the village; and in addition, a german Messerschmidt 110, with a crew of two was brought down on Outridge Farm September 1st 1940.